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Thu Jul 31 23:38:28 2014 GMT DB Age: 16.97 Hours IPs in DB 4,181,419,064 54.196.168.78 United States us.png
 INFORMATION AND NOTES ON IpToCountry
 ====================================

 LICENSE: "DONATIONWARE"
 =======================

 Definition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donationware
 Definition: http://www.techterms.com/definition/donationware

 This database is "DONATIONWARE"
 ===============================

 It's simple: we cannot offer tens of thousands of downloads per day without
 assistance. Please help us.... the PayPal link is near the top right of the
 page here: http://software77.net/geo-ip/

 If you use the database in a commercial application and therefore benefit
 financially we ask you to to make a small donation.

 If this database is anywhere half decent, pay what it's worth to you, as a
 developer or an end user.

 Our IPToCountry database is now part of many Linux and even WINDOWS
 distributions/packages. In other words, it comes included with the sofware
 the end user purchases and the end user is usually totally oblivious to this.

 It may be invisible to the user. S/he may not even know they have it on their
 PC, MAC, Tablet, Cellphone or other device; but be assured, this database
 is pervasive, and is to be found on many devices across the planet.
 As a tiny (truly tiny) company, we cannot support the world.

 We appeal to developers to make mention of the fact that this database
 is DONATIONWARE; many end user applications download the database weekly
 or even daily as part of the application and the end user is not even aware
 of the fact that they are making use of a resource entirely for free.

 HELP US! ... and make a small donation. And if you are a developer, make it
 known to your end users. Please.

 The donation link can be found near the top right on the main page
 http://software77.net/geo-ip/

 Many thanks!
 ==============================================================================
 ==============================================================================

 File Time Stamp   : Thu Jul 31 23:38:28 2014 UTC.
 Generator         : ip.pl on http://Software77.net (A Webnet77 Company)
 Software Author   : BRM
 Software Version  : 5.9.6
 Contact           : http://webnet77.com/
 Download          : http://software77.net/geo-ip/
 
 BEFORE you send us questions, please see the FAQ:
 http://software77.net/faq.html
 
 
     IMPORTANT !!!  IMPORTANT !!!  IMPORTANT !!!  IMPORTANT !!!
 
 
 PLEASE NOTE THIS DATABASE MOVED AT THE END OF JUNE 2009 TO
 http://software77.net/geo-ip/

 THE OLD LINKS TO DOWNLOAD ARE NO LONGER BEING REDIRECTED
 
 

 History
 =======

 The IPV4 database was first implemented in 2005 to offer a free alternative to
 the commercial databases that were available at the time. Today, there are
 literally hundreds of sources of "IP-to-Country" databases available. Many
 based on the data from this database.

 When we started this database we were amazed to find that almost 2 billion
 IP addresses in the IPV4 space had been assigned. Today, that figure is just
 over 3.5 billion. The database has grown from about 2MB unzipped
 to over 6MB. That's a lot of new assigned IP space for just a few years!

 In July 2010 an experimental version of the IPV6 database was released. It is
 available an two flavors -

 A database of IPV6 ranges
 A database in IPV6 CIDR format

 What this database is
 =====================

 This Database is operated and maintained by Webnet77 and updated every 24
 hours. It represents most of the IPV4 and IPV6 numbers in use on the Internet
 today and includes the IANA reserved IPs.

 This Database is automatically reconstituted every 24 hours by special
 software running on our servers. The top of the main page shows how long ago
 it was updated.

 Database download limit
 =======================

 We do limit downloads and lookups per IP per 3 hour period.

 We use a system of "hitpoints":

 a. You are allowed 250 hitpoints in any 3 hour period.
 b. An IP lookup costs 1 hitpoint(s).
 c. A complete Database download is 14 hitpoints
 d. If you exceed 250 hitpoints in any 3 hour period, you will not
    be able to download or lookup anything until the full 3 hour period
    has elapsed.
 e. Should you attempt further downloads while "banned", a weighting algorithm will
    be applied to your IP address causing further time extensions.
 f. If you reach more than 900 hitpoints in 3 hours, your IP will be
    banned for a v-e-r-y long time.

 PLEASE DO NOT ask us to remove your IP manually if you get banned. It's your job
 as a developer to make sure your IP does not get banned. Your IP will
 automatically be removed eventually depending on the above criteria.

 Unfortunately we have to do this as some "developers" have abused our resources
 in the past because their software went haywire and tried to download the
 database hundreds of times per minute essentially resulting in a denial of
 Service attack (granted - unintentional, but destructive nonetheless).

 For some this is a problem as certain ISP's (like AOL) proxy outbound users on a
 single IP and your download gets accumulated with others on the same IP. We
 wish we could help but unfortunately there is nothing we can do about that.

 A Request regarding automatic downloads
 =======================================

 If you are downloading automatically with a CRON job, PLEASE, PLEASE DO NOT
 set your download time to 00:00:00 (midnight). Please use some arbitrary time
 that is not 12 midnight. If everyone downloaded at exactly midnight, the
 download speed for all would slow to a crawl. Bottom line is to get the
 best speed, DO NOT download at midnight. Please choose an arbitrary
 time (especially the minutes).

 AUTOMATIC DOWNLOADS
 ===================

 To do an automated download with something like wget, use the following link
 format (some versions of wget may require you add the http:// prefix):

 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=1 -O /path/IpToCountry.csv.gz      IPV4 gzip
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=2 -O /path/IpToCountry.csv.zip     IPV4 zip
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=3 -O /path/IpToCountry.csv.MD5     IPV4 MD5 (CSV file)
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=4 -O /path/IpToCountry.dat         IPV4 Geo::IPfree
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=5 -O /path/IpToCountry.dat.MD5     IPV4 MD5 Geo::IPfree
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=6 -O /path/country-codes.txt       Country Codes
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=7 -O /path/IpToCountry.6R.csv.gz   IPV6 Ranges
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=8 -O /path/IpToCountry.6R.csv.MD5  IPV6 Ranges MD5
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=9 -O /path/IpToCountry.6C.csv.gz   IPV6 CIDR
 wget software77.net/geo-ip/?DL=10 -O /path/IpToCountry.6C.csv.MD5 IPV6 CIDR MD5
 Please NOTE the "/" before the "?"
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 FILE FORMAT IPV4
 ================

      --------------------------------------------------------------
      All lines beginning with either "" or whitespace are comments
      --------------------------------------------------------------

 IP FROM      IP TO        REGISTRY  ASSIGNED   CTRY CNTRY COUNTRY
 "1346797568","1346801663","ripencc","20010601","il","isr","Israel"

 IP FROM & : Numerical representation of IP address.
 IP TO       Example: (from Right to Left)
             1.2.3.4 = 4 + (3 * 256) + (2 * 256 * 256) + (1 * 256 * 256 * 256)
             is 4 + 768 + 13,1072 + 16,777,216 = 16,909,060

 REGISTRY  : apcnic, arin, lacnic, ripencc and afrinic
             Also included as of April 22, 2005 are the IANA IETF Reserved
             address numbers. These are important since any source claiming
             to be from one of these IPs must be spoofed.

 ASSIGNED  : The date this IP or block was assigned. (In Epoch seconds)
             NOTE: Where the allocation or assignment has been transferred from
                   one registry to another, the date represents the date of first
                   assignment or allocation as received in from the original RIR.
                   It is noted that where records do not show a date of first
                   assignment, the date is given as "0".

 CTRY      : 2 character international country code
             NOTE: ISO 3166 2-letter code of the organisation to which the
             allocation or assignment was made, and the enumerated variances of:
                  AP - non-specific Asia-Pacific location
                  CS - Serbia and Montenegro
                  YU - Serbia and Montenegro (Formally Yugoslavia) (Being phased out)
                  EU - non-specific European Union location
                  FX - France, Metropolitan
                  PS - Palestinian Territory, Occupied
                  UK - United Kingdom (standard says GB)
                * ZZ - IETF RESERVED address space.

 FILE FORMAT IPV6
 ================

      --------------------------------------------------------------
      All lines beginning with either "" or whitespace are comments
      --------------------------------------------------------------

 We got rid of the quoted text in the IPV6 database and it is comma separated only.

 Range File
 ----------

 Start IP   - END IP                                ,CC,RR  ,ASSIGNED
 2001:19a0::-2001:19a0:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff:ffff,US,arin,1089676800

 CIDR File
 ---------

 Start IP/CIDR,CC, RR    ,ASSIGNED
 2001:938::/32,AT,ripencc,1034553600

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 NOTE: Although CS is not an ISO-3166 code, it appears to be a colloquial term
 used by registries and appears in the RIR (Regional Internet registry) database.

             These values are not defined in ISO 3166 but are widely used.
           * IANA Reserved Address space

 CNTRY     : Country Abbreviation. Usually 3 Character representation

 COUNTRY   : Country Name. Full Country Name.

 ==========
 UPDATE LOG
 ==========

 June 2005    - Countries falling under AFRINIC now show correctly

 October 2006 - Many thanks to Lee Cjin Pheow from Singapore for this:
                As of September 2006, Serbia and Montenegro now have new ISO
                Country codes. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbia and
                http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montenegro.

                We have updated the database to include "RS" and "ME" for these
                two contries but currently the registries still provide the OLD
                country code data. Thus you may need to translate the codes
                "YU" and "CS" -> "ME" and the same for "ME".

                For the most part it appears that translating CS -> RS and
                YU -> ME works but it is probably not entirely accurate.

 Nov 2006     - Added country code for ÅLAND ISLANDS - AX - ALA
 Mar 2007     - Added Country code for JERSEY - JE - JEY
 Mar 2007     - Added ASCENSION ISLAND - AC (Reserved on request of UPU
                                             Used as a ccTLD)
 Mar 2008     - Fixed a bug where the country code had a space after it.
                Many thanks to Alexander Betinski of Canada for reporting it.
 April 2009   - [v5.0.0] Completly new frontent and backend for better
                performacnce.
 April 2009   - [v5.1.0] Duplicate IP blocks now indicated in file header.
                [Prefixed with "~~" to begin and "~~" to end each line].
                (See notes in database CSV file for format)
 May 2009     - [v5.2.0] Database lookups will now work even during updates
                and database downloads are no longer unavailable for 5 minutes
                or more during updates but for only 1 or two seconds.
 May 2009     - [v5.2.1] Country Code for Taiwan, PRC should be ROC. Thank you
                Tony Chen
 June 2009    - [v5.2.2] Added country code for Saint Martin
 July 2009    - [v5.3.0] Added new files: Geo::IPfree & MD5, Country codes text
                format. Geo::IPfree Format is used by the perl Geo::IPfree
                module and is used in many commercial as well as free applications
                (like AWSTATS). We now include the file in the correct format
                to be used directly by these applictions.
 July 2009    - [v5.3.1] Minor bug fix - IP range on main page was off by 1
 Oct 2009     - [v5.3.2] Added TIMOR-LESTE (formerley East Timor since 2002)
 Mar 2010     - [v5.4.0] Internal code optimizations as well as more lenient
                banning settings
 April 2010   - action=downloadZ and action=download have been discontinued.
                You must use the format specified at the top of this file
                for automated downloads.
 May 2010     - [v5.4.1] Minor internal bug fix 5410_0
 July 2010    - [v5.5.0] Added *experimental* IPV6 database in two formats
 Jan 2011     - [v5.6.0] Added Numeric version of IP
 Apr 2011     - [v5.7.0] Old daily IPV4 files now being retianed at
                         http://software77.net/geo-ip/history/
 May 2011     - [v5.7.1] Minor HTML corrections
 Aug 2011     - [v5.7.2] Changed ÅLAND ISLANDS to ALAND ISLANDS. Not technically
                         correct but works for 7 bit ASCII
 Aug 2011     - [v5.8.0] Added web interface for IP -> CIDR and CIDR -> IP (IPV4 only)
 Sep 2011     - [v5.8.1] Added Country code for South Sudan as well as flag icon
 Sep 2012     - [v5.9.0] Added a concatenation feature to the main page "Country IP listing"
                When using CIDR format, blocks will be concatenated (flattened) where possible.
 Sep 2012     - [v5.9.1] Added country codes and flags for Bonaire; Saint Eustatius; Saba and
                Curacao
 Oct 2012     - Software was previously licensed as Gpl v3. However, this proved
                to be somewhat restricting for some commercial developers. As of
                now, the software is "DONATIONWARE" which basically means anyone
                can use it anyway they want - commercial applications included.
                All we ask in return is some reciprocation.
                The donation link can be found near the top right on the main page:
                http://software77.net/geo-ip/
 Dec 2012     - [v5.9.2] Added Country code and Ranges for Sint Marten, SX
 Nov 2013     - [v5.9.3] Cleaned up the DONATIONWARE License description
 Mar 2014     - [v5.9.4] Added referrer code to multi lookup tool
 May 2014     - [v5.9.5] 'Trying' to remove the "RE-CAPTCHA" on the Multi=IP lookup
                Due to {not sure} some WordPress/Drupal/Joomla plugin that kills
                this server DEAD. We have added a SHA512 key in a feeble attempt
                to prevent remote calling of the MULTI-IP script. If you are one of
                the people who wrote the WordPress/Drupal/Joomla etc.... plugin;
                please discontinue it.... for now we have removed the RE-CAPTCHA;
                Let us all play nice: if your customers need the DB, Download it
                once / week. PLEASE, do not try to do it realtime via MULTI-LOOKUP!
 July 2014    - Many of the ISO 1366 codes we were using were outdated. These were
                kindly pointed out by Niels Harland https://github.com/nielsharland,
                And even more kindly he gave up a weekend to do much research
                and provide us with an up to date country-codes.txt file. Niels,
                thank you very much for your efforts!
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 THIS DATABSE IS PROVIDED WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY WHATSOEVER. USE ENTIRELY AT YOUR
 OWN RISK. NO LIABILITY WHATSOEVER, OF ANY NATURE, WILL BE ASSUMEND BY
 Webnet77.com, IT'S DISTRIBUTORS, RESELLERS OR AGENTS. SHOULD THE DATABASE
 PROVE TO BE FAULTY, CAUSE YOU LOSS OR OTHER FINANCIAL DAMAGE, YOU AGREE YOU
 HAVE NO CLAIM AGINST Webnet77.com IT'S DISTRIBUTORS, RESELLERS OR AGENTS. IF
 YOU DO NOT ACCEPT THESE TERMS YOU MAY NOT USE THIS DATABASE.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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